History of The Winter Gardens Blackpool UK

History of The Winter Gardens Blackpool UK

Winter Gardens officially opens on July 11, 1878

On July 11, 1878, the Lord Mayor of London publicly opens the Winter Gardens. A glass-roofed Floral Hall for promenading, indoor and outdoor ice rinks, and the Pavilion Hall for special events are all part of the Winter Gardens.

The structure, which was one of Blackpool's biggest projects at the time, was allocated to contractors Thomas Mitchell.

The first opera house opened on June 10, 1889

In 1888, Frank Matcham, the famed theatre architect, started working on plans for the first Opera House. The contract was let on 19th October 1888 and the 2,500-seat “Her Majesty's Opera House,” costing £9,098, launched with Gilbert & Sullivan's new opera “Yeomen of the Guard” on 10 June 1889.

In November 1910, the Opera House was closed for restoration. It was replaced with a larger structure built by Mangnall & Littlewood and dedicated in August 1911. The opportunity was also taken to refurbish the Church Street façade of the Winter Gardens. It was decked in white faience in the manner of the Renaissance.


Directions to The Winter Gardens

On foot: a 6-minute walk from the apartment North along Albert Rd, turning right onto Coronation Street to The Winter Gardens entrance.


The Gigantic Wheel debuted in July 1896

In 1896, a 220ft. Gigantic Wheel with 30 carriages, each conveying 30 passengers, was erected in front of the Pavilion Horseshoe on the site of a bowling green and garden area…

The Empress Ballroom and Indian Lounge was opened in August 1896

The Empress Ballroom, designed by Mangnall & Littlewood and plastered by J. M. Boekbinder, had a floor area of 12,500 square feet and was one of the world's largest ballrooms.

The Ballroom is requisitioned during WWI in 1918

The Admiralty had requisitioned the Empress Ballroom in early 1918 to build gas envelopes for the.33 airship.

A year later, the structure was returned, and minor repairs were made.

Easter 1920 Blackpool Dance Festival

The inaugural Blackpool Dance Festival was hosted at the spectacular Empress Ballroom in the Winter Gardens over Easter week in 1920.


Directions to The Winter Gardens

On foot: an 8-minute walk from the apartment – head North along Reads Avenue, turning right onto Coronation Street to The Winter Gardens entrance.


Olympia Exhibition Hall was added in June 1930

After the Tower Company bought the Winter Gardens in 1928, the Big Wheel was dismantled almost immediately.

Construction of the Olympia exposition hall began and was finished in less than 8 months.

Andrew Mazzei designed the hotel's interior, which opened in June 1930, in the guise of a Moorish hamlet.

The Winter Gardens are requisitioned by the UK government once more in 1939

The Winter Gardens were used for RAF training during the day and entertainment in the evenings during WWII.

The Third Opera House opens in July 1939. A masterpiece of Art Deco design

The old Opera House was demolished in October 1938, following a large refurbishment in 1911, and the third and current Opera House replaced it in 1939, in typical Art Deco design.

The theatre that was erected in its place featured 3,000 seats was designed in a modernist style with a sweepingly curved proscenium and was meant to function as a super cinema.

Its grand foyers, wood-paneled lounges, and bars completed the look. Derham's successor, Charles McKeith, was the architect.

On July 14, 1939, Jessie Matthews and her husband Sonnie Hale opened the Opera House, followed by the revue Turned Out Nice Again, featuring George Formby.

The Opera House has hosted some of showbiz's biggest stars, beloved musicals, and Blackpool's very own Summer Season spectaculars over the years!

Winston Churchill Addresses Conference in October 1954

The 74th annual Conservative Party Conference was held in October 1954 at the Winter Gardens Blackpool, and it concluded in a closing address by then-Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, who was made a freeman of the borough in 1946.

Royal Variety Performance in April 1955

The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh were treated to the first Royal Variety Performance outside of London on April 13, 1955. For the event, a period-style Royal box was built. It lasted for many years, detracting from the auditorium's modernist lines.

The Rolling Stones start a riot in July 1964!

Following the infamous occurrences, Blackpool Council slapped a performance ban on Jagger and the boys, which was later lifted in 2008.

When guitarist Keith Richards got into a dispute with an audience member near the front of the stage, members of the 7,000-person crowd stormed the stage.

According to witnesses, the violence started when the audience spit at the band.

The Stardust Lounge in the 1970s

The Empress Ballroom's size was drastically reduced in 1970 to minimize congestion by temporary carpeting, seats, and massive white trellis work. It was intended to be a nightclub and was called The Stardust Garden. It lasted four years. However, the complex's distinctive architectural heritage was being recognized at the time, and the Winter Gardens received a Grade Two Star rating in 1973.

The Winter Gardens Blackpool is given to the public in 2010

In a historic deal, Blackpool Council purchased both the Winter Gardens and the Blackpool Tower from Trevor Hemmings' Crown Leisure Company, bringing the building into public ownership for the first time in its existence.

An significant repair effort to restore the complex's most vulnerable areas gets underway.

The Return of the Summer Season in June 2014

Mamma Mia!, Blackpool's traditional Summer Season presentation, returned to the Winter Gardens in 2014. As part of a planned campaign to market the resort as an international theatrical destination, Blackpool enjoyed a strong 2014 season.

The Blackpool Conference & Exhibition Centre will open in 2022

The Blackpool Conference and Exhibition Centre will be a completely new venue. It is the Winter Gardens complex's first substantial building development since the Opera House was erected in 1939.

The location will have cutting-edge audio and visual technology and the necessary infrastructure for staging modern conferences and displays.

The Blackpool Conference and Exhibition Centre is one of the most important venues of its kind in Northern England. It has two floors, with an exhibition space on the first and a conference hall with a capacity of 2000 people on the second. The facility can easily accommodate large gatherings with a total of 6000 square feet of dedicated space. The space might potentially be combined with the other venues in the Winter Gardens complex for a total event capacity of 7000.


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